The roses are the flowers of the rose bush, a thorny shrub of the genus Rosa which is the main representative of the Rosaceae family. There are more than 100 species of roses around the world, but most are native to Asia. Other species are native to Europe, North America and northwest Africa. In addition to the original species, almost all over the world, there are cultivations of hybrid roses and cultivars, which adds an endless number of subspecies of the ornamental plant par excellence. Around this flower has been built a whole symbology dating from its first crops, made in the Greek island of Cnossos around the sixteenth century BC Nowadays in some cultures roses represent beauty, love and purity. In Christianity, it is the symbol of the Virgin Mary.
In botany, the rose bushes are described as bushes or thorny climbing plants. The amount of thorns varies depending on the species. The roses are between 2 and 5 meters high, rarely reaching 20 meters in height when they climb on other plants. The stems of this shrub grow erect and are semi-woody, covered by spines that vary in size and quantity. The leaves of the rose are petiolate, with jagged edges. The roses are the flowers and the main attraction of this plant. They grow in clusters or solitary, depending on the species, and their multiple petals give it a radio shape. Generally, they are very aromatic and their colour depends on the species or hybridization, being able to be of a great variety of tonalities. Within the roses grows the fruit of this plant, called rose hips.
The petals of roses can be used both for consumption (preparing infusions with them or culinary recipes) and externally. The infusions of rose petals are prepared by putting a cup of water on the fire with a teaspoon of dried rose petals. Once the water boils it is turned off and left to stand covered. Drinking this preparation serves as a mild laxative and as a vermifuge. This infusion is also used externally to make eye washings and treat conjunctivitis, as well as to gargle in case of infections.
Medicinal and therapeutic uses of rose teas
Of all the species that exist of this plant, the best known for the medicinal properties of its essential oil is the rosehip, whose scientific name is Rosa eglanteria or Rosa rubiginosa, whose benefits we write in another article. However, other species, especially flowers, are used for different purposes for health.
The rose is the queen of flowers and is a symbol of love in almost all the nations of the world. The petals are astringent and antiseptic. They provide benefits at the dermatological, digestive and respiratory levels. They are used as a mild laxative and are also recommended to combat intestinal parasites.
Externally rose teas is recommended as an astringent to perform eye baths, such as gargles and lotions. The infusion of the petals is used to bathe the eyes when conjunctivitis occurs. It is also used to improve the taste of the tisanes made with other plants. The infusion should be done at the rate of 30 grams per litre. At the respiratory level, it is advisable to open the fruit, separate the seeds from the pericarp and decoction the latter, and let it rest for five minutes, this to control the symptoms of flu and colds.
On the other hand, apart from the rose teas the oil of the seeds is used externally to improve the healing of torpid wounds. Specialists in dermatology claim that it has great benefits as anti-wrinkle, and prevents premature ageing. It has various uses at aesthetic and cosmetic level. It is good for skin care because of its toning action and also has tranquillizing and antidepressant effects. Similarly, it is recommended for menstrual disorders, because rose oil helps regulate the levels of certain female hormones, so that regularizes the menstrual cycle and strengthen uterine muscle tone.
Despite its unknown origin, some think that the Rose comes from the Caspian Sea or possibly from the Caucasus. It grows like a weed, but because of its beauty, it has become an ornamental crop. This shrub with thorny stem manages to grow up to 2 meters high, its leaves are irregularly pinnate, with up to 7 leaflets and have a serrated margin. There are more than 150 kinds of flowers, which are large and beautiful, with five petals and several sepals. Its fruit is leathery and oblong. There are more than 140 species of roses.
Benefits of the rose teas
A digestive level: The petals are used as a mild laxative, and are also recommended to combat intestinal parasites.
As an astringent: Externally it is recommended to perform eye baths, such as gargles and lotions. It is also used to improve the taste of the tisanes made with other plants. The infusion should be done at the rate of 30 grams per litre.
Rose teas – use at the respiratory level: It is advisable to open the fruit, separate the seeds from the pericarp and decoction the latter, and let it stand for five minutes, this to control the symptoms of flu and colds. You can also add 3 teaspoons of dried and crumbled rose petals to 1 cup of boiling water, let infuse for 10 minutes and then drink hot or lukewarm tea.
For the skin: The oil of the seeds is used externally to improve the healing of torpid wounds. Specialists in dermatology claim that it has great benefits as anti-wrinkle, and prevents premature ageing. It has various uses at aesthetic and cosmetic level.
Rose teas does not have any contraindication. It provides benefits at the dermatological, digestive and respiratory levels. Rose teas is also effective for the treatment of burns, it is recommended to make an ointment of roses: 1oz of dried rose petals mixed with 100 gr. of butter without salt.